Sky Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 6(3), pp. 031-040, March, 2017. Available online
ISSN 2315-8794 ©2017 Sky Journals


Full Length Research Paper


Assessment of influence of land use changes on women farmers adoption of conservation agriculture, Nakuru County, Kenya


1Dr. Eliud Garry Michura, Senior Lecturer, Environmental Science Department, Kabarak University. E-mail:

Mr. Timothy Kamau Njuguna, Student, Kabarak University, Department of Environmental Science, Nakuru, Kenya. E-mail:

Accepted  23 March, 2017




This paper examines the effects of land use changes on women small-scale farmers on adoption of conservation agriculture in Nakuru County. Developing countries are faced with two major problems, food insecurity and biodiversity loss which occur as a result of conventional agricultural methods. Conservation agriculture (CA) based on minimum tillage, crop residue retention and crop rotation has been proposed as a better option for it results in maximum yields and protection of the environment. But CA adoption in Nakuru County by women small scale farmers is low and the reasons for CA adoption in the study area are many some of which are land use changes and climate change among others. Land use changes from arable land to other economic land uses are claimed to influence adoption of CA by women smallholder farmers. There is inadequate research documentation regarding this claim. To find out why CA adoption was low in the study area, the research sampled three sites; Naivasha, Rongai and Njoro selected purposefully due to different ecological characteristics. Three hundred and sixty women farmers were randomly selected from a target population of 120, 000 women farmers of which, 120 were selected from each of three Sub Counties. Descriptive survey design using structured questionnaires; interview schedule, personal observation and focus group discussion were used to collect data. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 20) was used in the data processing and analysis. Descriptive statistics; frequency distributions, means, proportions, percentages and inferential statistics; Chi-square, ANOVA, Bonferroni test at alpha value (p < 0.05) level were employed to test the hypothesis. The findings concluded that land use changes significantly influenced women farmers’ adoption of CA and that CA adoption uptake was low. The following are recommendations; Policy and decision makers use the results to develop land and agricultural policies, provide incentives to promote women small-scale farmers, use new emerging technologies to speed up adoption of CA in order to realize food security and conservation of the environment in Nakuru County and Kenya. 

Key words: Conservation agriculture, adoption, land use change, small-scale farmers.


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