Sky Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 6(5), pp. 072-081, July, 2017. Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/SJSSEM
ISSN 2315-8794 ©2017 Sky Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

 

The use of remote sensing and geographic information system in assessing water adequacy (public boreholes) in Jimeta metropolis

 

Geoffrey Naphtali

Geography Department, Adamawa State University Mubi. E-mail: geoffrenaphtali@gmail.com
.  Tel.:+2348064415796.

 

 

Accepted  5 June, 2017

 

Abstract

 

Adequate supply of clean water is an absolute prerequisite to the provision of proper health care and industrialization. The availability of water from the tap saves a good deal of time and energy, when compared to drudgery of having to carry water containers over long distance. The aim of the study is to evaluate and assess the problems of water supply in Jimeta with the view of mapping, taking inventory and creating a robust geo-spatial database for adequate analysis of public government bore-holes in Jimeta metropolis. Method and procedures that was employed to conduct the study include data input (GPS reading of boreholes) sample procedures, data manipulation (the use of GIS software) data analysis and data output. The analysis shows that; only five out of the fourteen wards in Jimeta metropolis have adequate water supply according to World Bank standard, the wards are Doubeli, old GRA, Karewa, Bekaji and Mbachure. The remaining nine wards fall short of this standard and are considered to have inadequate water supply. Therefore more boreholes are recommended in the affected wards. i.e. three additional boreholes should be drill in wards that have shortfalls above 60 liters per head per person, two borehole in wards that have shortfalls above 30 liters per day and one borehole in ward with a shortfalls below 15 liters
 

Key words: Adequacy, remote sensing, geographic information system, georeferencing, geospatial.

 

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