Sky Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 6(1), pp. 001-010, January, 2017. Available online
ISSN 2315-8794 ©2017 Sky Journals


Full Length Research Paper


Climate change and its influence on adoption of conservation agriculture by female smallholder farmers, Nakuru County, Kenya


Dr. Eliud Garry Michura, Senior Lecturer, Environmental Science Department, Kabarak University, Nakuru, Kenya. E-mail;

Mr. Timothy Kamau Njuguna, Student, Kabarak University, Department of Environmental Science, Nakuru, Kenya. E-mail:


*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Accepted  17 September, 2016




This paper examines the climate change and its influence on adoption of conservation by female smallholder farmers, Nakuru County, Kenya. A bout 30% of environmental problems in the world and particularly the study area is contributed by agriculture. CA is being promoted as a better practice than conventional one because it has been found to result in maximum agricultural production and protection of environment. The level of environmental degradation in the study area is high, resulting in food insecurity and biodiversity loss. Women small scale farmers’ participation in agriculture is 70% of all the farmers and therefore, women are most affected by climate change, which has occurred as a result of destruction of Mau forest adjacent to the study site. The farmers have claimed that, CA adoption is low and difficult to assess which factors contribute to this. No research documentation available regarding the problems faced by women smallholder farmers in adoption of CA. The research study sampled 360 female farmers out of a target population of 120, 000 women farmers. Descriptive survey design using structured questionnaires; interview schedules and focus group discussion were used to collect data. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 20) was used in the data processing and analysis. Descriptive analysis; frequency distributions, means, proportions, percentages and inferential analysis; Chi-square, ANOVA, at p < 0.05 level were employed to test the hypothesis. The findings; climate change significantly influenced women farmers’ adoption of CA, adoption of CA by women farmers was very low. The following are recommendations; weather stations be established in schools, use new emerging technologies to provide information on climate variability in schools, Use of ICTs and internet services, Government lower cost of ICT services. 

Key words: Conservation agriculture, adoption, climate change, women small-scale farmers.


Full Text pdf (434KB)