Sky Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 6(2), pp. 026-030, February, 2017. Available online
ISSN 2315-8794 ©2017 Sky Journals


Full Length Research Paper


A study of the health effects of open refuse dumps on nearby residents in Eastern Nigeria

Onwubiko J. A.


Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Imo State University, Owerri. E-mail:  

Accepted  14 October, 2016




The survey on prevalent health risks to residents of nearby refuse dumps in three urban townships of Abia, Imo and Rivers states of Nigeria was carried out at Aba, Owerri and Port Harcourt, to ascertain the health risk potentials of open refuse dumps to residents in their environs. A total of 108 households and shops located at different space intervals to 9 open refuse dumpsites (three in each of Aba, Owerri and Port Harcourt) were investigated to find out among other things, the average number of persons in each of such locations who had been sick within the previous four months. The responses of 84 respondents to be administered questionnaire were statistically analyzed, using descriptive statistics and Analysis of Variance for selected 42 households. Responses obtained showed that inhabitants living closer to refuse dumps were more likely to be infected by diseases (cholera, dysentery, typhoid, Lassa fever, malaria etc.) than their counterparts living farther away. The study recommends that as much as possible, people should be prevented from living near refuse dumps and refuse dumps should not be sited near residence of individuals. 

Key words: Open refuse dumps, health effects, nearby residents.


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