Sky Journal of Medicines and Medical Sciences Vol. 5(3), pp. 025-033, July, 2017, Available online,

ISSN 2315-8808 ©2017 Sky Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Histopathological characteristics of breast lumps in the Igbos of Nigeria

Dike E. I.1*, Anolue FC2, Ojiyi E. C.3, Okeudo C.3 and Ejikem C. E.3


1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu, South-East Nigeria.
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Awka, South-East, Nigeria.
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, South-East, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:   Tel.:+2348063268481.


Accepted  10 July, 2017




Breast lump is a common complaint among gynaecology patients and it elicits anxiety regarding a possible malignancy. Breast diseases remain a major gynaecological problem in both developed and developing countries. How this affects the Igbos of Nigeria is yet to be elucidated. The objective of this study is to determine the histopathological characteristics of breast lumps in the Igbos of Nigeria. This was a retrospective review of the records of the histopathological department of a central reference pathology laboratory in Enugu between January and December 2014. The socio-demographic characteristics of the patients, clinical summaries and the histological diagnosis on breast tissues were extracted from the record. A total of 260 histological reports of breast samples were analyzed. Five (1.83%) of the specimens were males and 255 (98.17%) were females. The age range of patients was 13-75 years and parity ranged from 0-10+3. Two hundred (78.90%) had benign disease out of which 85 (42.50%) were fibroadenoma. The mean age of presentation of patients with benign disease was 29.6 years as against 49.4 years for malignant diseases. Undifferentiated carcinoma (41.7%) was the most frequent breast cancer followed by invasive ductal carcinoma 15 (25.0%) and multiform carcinoma 10 (16.7%). The right breast was more affected by both the benign and malignant diseases. All the 5 male patients had gynaecomastia. In conclusion, the study has shown that the histopathological pattern of breast lumps in Igbos is not in variance with those of other developing parts the world. Benign breast diseases are commoner in Igbos than malignant diseases and fibroadenoma dominated the histological diagnoses of breast lumps.

Key words: Breast lumps, histopathology Igbos, Nigeria.


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