Sky Journal of Medicines and Medical Sciences Vol. 5(3), pp. 020-024, July, 2017, Available online,

ISSN 2315-8808 ©2017 Sky Journals


Full Length Research Paper

A survey of the knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among Adolescents in Calabar, Nigeria

Abeshi Sylvester Etenikang, Ago Boniface Uji* and Njoku Charles Obinna


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Calabar, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:  Tel.:+2348023215319.



Accepted  10 July, 2017




The current prevalence rate of contraceptive use in Nigeria is approximately 11 – 13%. This rate is very low in spite of the high rate of sexual activity and widespread awareness of the various contraceptive methods among Nigerian adolescents and youths. As a result there are many unintended pregnancies and illegal abortions contributing to a high maternal mortality ratio, which seems to indicate a large unmet need for contraceptive usage. This survey aims to ascertain the knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among adolescents in Calabar. This was a self-administered questionnaire-based study carried out in Calabar metropolis. The information was gathered at 3 different recreation parks in the metropolis- Marina resort, Tinapa resort and Calabar municipality resort. Information collected included age, level of education, knowledge of contraception, source of information, use of emergency contraception, and awareness of other methods of contraception. A total of 1,246 female adolescents were recruited into this study. Their age ranged from 16years to 19 years, with a mean age of 17.8 years. The respondents all attained basic primary education and above or were still in school but had all heard about contraception or family planning. About 90% have had sexual intercourse and of this number 65% used Emergency contraceptive pills, 28.5% used condom occasionally while 6.5% did not used any method. Adolescents are in dire need for information on reproductive health issues not only on contraception but also on other issues concerning their reproductive health. They should be assisted and given unhindered access to various methods of contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion.

Key words: Adolescents, practice, emergency, contraception.


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