Sky Journal of Medicines and Medical Sciences Vol. 4(7), pp. 056-059, September, 2016, Available online,

ISSN 2315-8808 ©2016 Sky Journals


Review Paper

Radiological implications of lead: A review article

Nkubli B. F.1, Nzotta C. C.2, Luntsi G1*, Nwobi I. C1. 


1Department of Medical Radiography, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2Department of Radiography and Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, College of Health Sciences, Nnewi Campus, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:  Tel.: +2348063624220.



Accepted  20 June, 2016




Lead and lead-based materials have varied applications in diagnostic radiology. These uses are more relevant in the area of radiation protection but pose a challenge at the point of disposal. This review explores the uses of lead and lead-based materials in diagnostic radiology and the public and environmental health implications of the disposal of waste originating from such uses. An extensive literature search was conducted using various search terms such as lead, lead shielding, radiological implications of lead and uses of lead in radiology and lead disposal strategies. There was no restriction on dates of article publication due to apparent paucity of literature on the subject. Lead is a highly toxic metal which should not be disposed of as conventional garbage. While researchers have explored the uses of lead and its possible health implications in household items, industries, and mining activities, there exist a gap in knowledge on the use of lead in health care and its disposal strategies. This review has brought to focus an important but often neglected area of research on lead use; radiological implications of lead. The applications of lead in diagnostic radiology are numerous especially, in the area of protecting patients, staff, and the general public from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. Out-of-use lead sources from diagnostic radiology could pose a threat to public and environmental health if not properly disposed of.

Key words: Lead, radiology, public, environmental health.


Full Text PDF (112KB)





Search for author names and article from Pubmed:

Nkulbi BF

Nwobi IC

Search for author names and article from Google Scholar
Nkulbi BF

Nwobi IC