Sky Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(4), pp. 062-072, July, 2017. Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/SJAR
ISSN 2315-8751 ©2017 Sky Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Phenotypic characterization and production system of Bonga cattle in Its production environment of Kaffa Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

 

Ebadu Areb, Tegbaru G. Silase, Dawit H. Giorgis, Chernet Reti, Bereket Zeleke and Metsafe Mamiru
 

Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Bonga Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia.

 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: ebaduareb1@gmail.com. Tel.: 047 3311441/42. Fax: 047 3310582.     

 

Accepted 18 April, 2017

 

Abstract

The study was conducted at Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples Regional state, Kaffa administrative Zone of Chena and Gesha woredas on phenotypic characterization and its production system of Bonga cattle. Discussions with key informants, field study on morphological characteristics, survey with structured questionnaires, linear body measurements and secondary data were sources of data. Totally 138 households were selected to interview by using structured questionnaires and Morphological measurements were collected from 372 female and 76 male totally 448 mature cattle used randomly. The production system in the study area was mixed crop-livestock production system. Bonga bull reach for drought power was at the age of 3.53 ± 0.66 year. Analyzed data showed that the average age at first mating for male was 3.55 ± 0.07 and for female 3.94 ± 0.09. The overall mean age at first calving (AFC) of Bonga breeding female was 4.96 ± 0.09 years. The average reproductive lifespan of Bonga breeding male and female was 4.51± 0.16 and 16.05 ± 0.42 years respectively. Large body size was the first ranked trait for both male and female to select breeding male and female. The overall mean and standard error of linear measurements of the breed in cm was 111.25 ± 0.44, 101.24 ± 0.29, 136.09 ± 0.51, 16.54 ± 0.09, 21.66 ± 0.33, 38.31 ±v0.12 and 28.93 ± 0.12 for Body length, Height at wither, Chest girth, Ear length, Horn length, Muzzle circumference and Hock circumference respectively. 


Key words:
Phenotypic, characterization, Bonga cattle, breed, description, measurement and Kaffa.

 

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