Sky Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(3), pp. 041-049, April, 2017. Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/SJAR
ISSN 2315-8751 ©2017 Sky Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation the effect of ectomycorrhizal fungi on Prunus cerasifera x salicina (Rosaceae) growth compared with chemical and organic fertilizer

 

Tarek A. El-Bashiti*, Abboud El-Kichaoui, Abdallah H. Abu Ajwa
 

Biology and Biotechnology Department, Faculty of science, The Islamic University-Gaza, Palestine.      

 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: tbashiti@iugaza.edu.ps

 

 

Accepted 10 April, 2017

 

 

Abstract

Biofertilizer is considered as an alternative to chemical fertilizer to increase soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming. The use of biofertilizer is steadily increased in agriculture and offers an attractive way to replace chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and supplements. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of local ectomycorrhizal fungi isolated from the roots of some plants, on growth of Prunus cerasifera x salicina under greenhouse conditions. The impact of symbiotic fungus on the plant growth parameters was measured by comparing the inoculated plants, with control plants and plants treated with chemical fertilizer and compost. The fungus isolated from P. cerasifera (myrobalan) roots in PDA media, and pure culture was obtained. 50 plants were grown 10 for each parameter as follow: "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil without fungus and fertilizer (control); "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil was fertilized with the isolated fungus; "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil was fertilized by chemical fertilizers without fungus; "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil 50% and 50% compost; "10" seedlings planted in 100% compost. Our results showed a positive influence of the ectomycorrhizal fungi on the growth parameters of P. cerasifera x salicina seedling compared with control, chemical fertilizer and compost, in all growth parameters. The different growth parameters were measured after incubation of plant seedlings in the green house for four months. We concluded that the use of ectomycorrhizal fungi gave positive influence on the growth of plant. According to these results, we strongly recommend the use of symbiotic fungi as total or partial substitute of other fertilizer. 


Key words:
Biofertilizer, ectomycorrhizal fungi, symbiotic fungi, Prunus cerasifera, myrobala.

 

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