Sky Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(3), pp. 050-056, April, 2017. Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/SJAR
ISSN 2315-8751 ©2017 Sky Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of local endomycorrhizal fungi on growth of Solanum melongena and Capsicum annuum plants in Gaza Strip

 

Tarek A. El-Bashiti*, Abboud Y. El-Kichaoui, Ismaeel M. Al-jamal, Nedal A. Fayyad
 

Biology and Biotechnology Department, Faculty of science, The Islamic University-Gaza, Palestine.      

 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: tbashiti@iugaza.edu.ps

 

 

Accepted 12 April, 2017

 

 

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to compare between the effect of a nutritional substance and local isolated endomycorrhizal fungi on the growth of two important seasonal plants Solanum melongena L. (Eggplant) and Capsicum annuum L. (Pepper). 120 plants from each species were used and distributed into six groups, 20 seedlings in each as follow: 20 mycorrhized plants in sterilized soil; 20 non- mycorrhized plants in sterilized soil; 20 plants with nutritive substance in sterilized soil; 20 plants without nutritive substance in sterilized soil; 20 mycorrhized in non-sterilized soil; 20 non- mycorrhized plants in non-sterilized soil. Our results showed a positive influence of the endomycorrhizal fungi and nutritive substances on the growth of Eggplant and Pepper seedling compared with control in sterilized and non-sterilized soil in all growth parameters (stem length, root length, wet weight of whole plant, leaves number, dry weight of whole plant, root weight and stem weight) in the greenhouse experiments. According to these results, we strongly recommend the use of symbiotic endomycorrhizal fungi as total or partial substitute of chemical fertilizers. 


Key words:
Endomycorrhization, growth parameters, eggplant, pepper, nutritive substances.

 

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