Sky Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 5(7), pp. 154-160, October, 2016. Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/SJAR
ISSN 2315-8751 ©2016 Sky Journals

 

Full length Research Paper

Pothowar: A high yielding medium duration groundnut variety suitable for release and commercial cultivation in Pakistan 

 

Nazakat Nawaz1*, Mubashir Ahmad Khan1, Muhammad Amjad3, Muhammad Ayub Khan1, Zaheer Ahsan1, Shehzad Asad2 and Nasir Mehmood Cheema3
 

1Oilseeds Research Program, Crop Sciences Institute, NARC, Islamabad, Pakistan.
2Department of Plant and Environment Protection, NARC, Islamabad, Pakistan.
3Crop Sciences Division, PARC, Islamabad, Pakistan.
     

 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: nawaz_nazakat@yahoo.com.

 

Accepted 29 September, 2016

 

 

Abstract

Line ICGV-92040 was selected from International Medium Duration Yield Trial received from ICRISAT. Its performance was evaluated in preliminary, advance, national uniform, adaptability and in agronomic yield trials during the years 1999-2013 at National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Islamabad and across the country. In preliminary and advance yield trials it gave an average of 24 and 23% higher dry pods yield over check, respectively. On an average of two years, in National Uniform Yield Trials, it gave 12% higher dry pods yield over check. Its performance was also tested on farmer’s fields at different locations such as Chakri, Nila, Mari, Khunda, Gondal and Tamman areas, in districts of Rawalpindi, Chakwal and Attock during the years 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. Yield data showed that on an average of six locations this line ICGV-92040 produced 19 and 22% higher yields over checks BARD-479 and BARI-2000, respectively. Agronomic studies were conducted during the years 2007-2008 at NARC, Islamabad. Results from agronomic studies revealed that response of the new variety to 15th April sowing time, row and plant spacing of 45 x 10 cm and fertilizer NPK levels 20-80-50 kgha-1 was better than other treatments. It was also evaluated under natural field condition against fungal disease (Cercospora personata) and rated as moderately resistance. This variety is high yielding, medium duration with attractive pod color, seed color and better taste. It is a Virginia bunch type variety maturing 10 - 12 days earlier than existing varieties BARD-479 and BARI-2000. This new variety will be suitable for rainfed as well as irrigated areas of Pakistan.


Key words:
Evaluation, groundnut, medium duration, variety, yield.

 

 

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